The U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL) works with the Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (Afghanistan) and the international community to reform the Afghan criminal justice system, strengthen law enforcement capabilities, achieve sustainable reductions in narcotics production and trafficking, and address the cross-cutting issues of gender affairs, demand reduction, and multilateral cooperation.
INL supports the Government of Afghanistan’s formal justice sector in building strong, capable, and independent legal institutions, building the capacity of Afghan ministries to enforce the rule of law, and providing security, justice, and consistency of expectation to the people of Afghanistan.
The Justice Sector Support Program (JSSP) is both the largest justice assistance program in Afghanistan, as well as the longest continually operating project of its kind in the country. JSSP employs international and Afghan advisors to train, build the capacity of, and provide technical assistance to Afghan officials within Afghan ministries and institutions. JSSP is implemented by PAE.
As the primary conduit for U.S. Foreign Assistance to Afghanistan’s criminal justice system, JSSP provides effective development and reform assistance to enhance the system, in accordance with Afghanistan’s strategies, as articulated in the Afghanistan National Justice Sector Strategy and National Justice Program Components, the National Priority Program 5, and other Afghan Government development policy prioritization strategies and U.S. Government policy. This includes assistance to the Afghan institutions responsible for the criminal justice system, including the Ministry of Interior, the Attorney General’s Office, the Ministry of Justice, the Supreme Court, and the Ministry of Women’s Affairs. It also includes the provincial and district offices of these institutions, as well as other governmental and non-governmental entities that interact with the broad criminal justice system.
As an implementing member of the broader international effort to rebuild the justice sector, JSSP spearheads a variety of ongoing initiatives and holds key positions in numerous working groups and committees.
JSSP has a robust footprint in Afghanistan. The program includes long-developed institutional relationships and works in collaboration with the Afghan and U.S. Governments, as well as with donors and implementers from the international community. In early 2013 JSSP’s regional training program successfully transitioned to the INL-funded Justice Training Transition Program (JTTP), which is implemented by the International Development Law Organization (IDLO).