JSSP is a rule of law development program in Afghanistan. Its primary goal is to help create sustainable improvements in the Afghan government’s supply of justice to the Afghan people. The information below is meant to provide a framework for understanding the JSSP’s multifaceted approach to Afghanistan’s justice system.
What is Rule of Law
Attempts to formalize a definition of the rule of law have drawn on its diverse interpretations throughout the international community. The World Justice Project, an independent organization that works to advance the rule of law worldwide, has defined it as consisting of four universal principles. These principles help comprise the building blocks of JSSP’s approach to formal justice development in Afghanistan. The principles include:
1. The Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, its officials and agents, and Afghan individuals and private entities are accountable under the law.
2. The laws are clear, publicized, stable and just, are applied evenly, and protect fundamental rights, including the security of persons and property.
3. The process by which laws are enacted, administered and enforced is accessible, fair and efficient.
4. Justice is delivered timely by competent, ethical, and independent representatives and neutrals who are of sufficient number, have adequate resources, and reflect the makeup of the communities they serve.
The rule of law is the underlying framework of rules and rights that make prosperous and fair societies possible. The rule of law is a system in which no one, including members of the government, is above the law, laws protect fundamental rights, and justice is accessible to all. For more information on the World Justice Project and its work on advancing the rule of law worldwide, click here.
Why the Rule of Law Matters in Afghanistan
When JSSP was founded in 2005, Afghanistan had been deeply affected by years of internal conflict and unrest. Decades of chaos had taken its toll on all aspects of Afghan society and the rule of law landscape. The concept of a fair, dependable system of justice was but a distant memory in most of the minds of Afghan citizens. Instead of a formal justice system, most Afghans relied on less predictable informal justice processes.
JSSP works to improve Afghanistan’s rule of law by aiding in the development of a dependable formal justice system that is accessible to all. By supporting individuals and institutions within the justice sector, JSSP aids in the development of a dependable formal justice system.