Kabul is located in the eastern region of the country. The capital of the province is Kabul City, which is also Afghanistan’s capital. Kabul province is bordered by the provinces of Parwan in the north-west, Kapisa in the north-east, Laghman in the east, Nangarhar in the southeast, Logar in the south, and Wardak in the southwest. The province covers an area of 4,585 square kilometers. More than half of the province (56.3 percent) is mountainous or semi-mountainous terrain, and 37.7 percent of the area is made up of flat land. The province is divided into 14 districts plus the provincial capital city of Kabul. Total population was approximately 3,449,800 in 2008. There are an estimated 78,593 households in the province, and households, on average, have seven members. Around 81 percent of the population lives in urban areas. Pashtu is spoken by around 60 percent of the population, and Dari is spoken by around 40 percent.
Starting in 2010, JSSP offered Kabul justice officials a comprehensive two-month legal training program titled “Focused District Development - Law” targeting all judicial actors. The program taught basic legal knowledge and practical skills. In 2011, JSSP renamed this course “Advanced Continuing Legal Education for Afghanistan” (ACLEA). In addition, the Kabul Team executed follow-on select legal seminars (i.e., juvenile justice). All courses helped trainees perform their duties in a more competent, effective, and efficient manner. In addition, many of the trainees learned how to teach in JSSP’s Training of Trainers (TOT) program. TOT graduates are capable of teaching fellow co-workers within their departments. As part of its comprehensive Rule of Law efforts, JSSP staff provided follow-on mentoring to ensure that trainees could and did apply the knowledge they gained in class.
JSSP designed, developed and implemented a robust the Focused District Development - Law Program (FDD-Law) and the Advanced Continuing Legal Education Program (ACLEA) which provided a structured 240-hour training designed to teach basic legal knowledge and practical skills. The Kabul Team mentored Afghan judges, prosecutors, defense attorneys and CID officers. The JSSP Kabul Regional Team’s operation area included the provinces of Kabul, Kapisa, Khost, Panjsher and Wardak.
Kabul training statistics for core classes (FDD-Law, ACLEA), when JSSP transferred the program to the International Development Law Organization:
Despite many challenges, JSSP succeeded in training 119 judges, 213 prosecutors, 149 CID officers and 159 defense attorneys. That training occurred in the provincial capitals in Kabul, Kapisa, Khost, Panjsher and Wardak. JSSP trained some 23% of the legal and justice professionals in the Kabul region.
As represented in the following example, JSSP efforts resulted in improvements to the Kabul regional justice system: A CID officer and an ACLEA graduate discovered a dead body in a vineyard. During a mentoring session, the mentee praised the JSSP course: “My JSSP class scenarios and discussions helped me follow procedural and police laws in order to streamline my investigation in a proficient and timely manner leading to a successful initial investigation and identification of the victim.”
1. The justice actors learned new legal knowledge, which they were able to apply to their specific area of practice.
2. Due to the centralization of power in Kabul, institutions and justice actors based there can either facilitate or constrain the training and mentoring process in other provinces.
3. The mentoring of justice actors resulted in improved performance, in particular regarding understanding of law, interpretation of law, and ability to differentiate applicable law.
4. As a result of training and mentoring, judicial actors were promoted in their organizations.
5. As a result of the JSSP training, justice actors are now able to determine deficiencies in reports and refer cases for more detailed investigation.
6. As a result of the JSSP training, justice actors’ report-writing skills were improved.
7. As a result of joint training classes, cooperation and communication was established between justice actors (prosecutors, police officers, and judges).
1. Lack of process and procedures
2. Lack of staff, space, and equipment
4. Transportation issues (poor road conditions and long distances hampered attendance at meetings/training)
In February 2013, the Kabul Team completed its operations. Over the past three years, JSSP has greatly impacted the justice sector in Kabul and surrounding provinces and made significant contributions to increasing the capacity of justice professionals through training and mentoring. JSSP Kabul regional team legal training operations region were handed over to IDLO on 15 February 2013.