Kandahar is one of the largest of the 34 provinces and is located in Southern Afghanistan. Its capital is the city of Kandahar. Kandahar province has borders with Zabul province in the east, Uruzgan province in the north, Helmand province in the west, and an international border with Pakistan in the south. The province covers an area of 47,676 square kilometers. More than four-fifths of the area is made up of flat land (84.5%), and 7.6% of the province is mountainous or semi-mountainous terrain. The province is divided into 16 official and two unofficial districts. In 2008, Kandahar had an approximate population of 1,057,500. There are approximately 14,445 households in the province, and households, on average, have seven members. Around 68% of the population of Kandahar lives in rural districts; 51% of the population is male. The major ethnic group living in the province is Pashtun. Pashtu is spoken by more than 98% of the population.
During 2011, JSSP offered Kandahar justice officials a comprehensive two-month legal training program, first as the Focused District Development – Law program and then as the retitled “Advanced Continuing Legal Education for Afghanistan” (ACLEA). This training targeted judges, prosecutors, and detectives. The program taught basic legal knowledge and practical skills. In addition, the Kabul Team executed a follow-on legal seminar on gender justice. All courses helped trainees perform their duties in a more competent, effective, and efficient manner. As part of its comprehensive Rule of Law efforts, JSSP staff provided follow-on mentoring to ensure that trainees could and did apply the knowledge they gained in class. The JSSP Kandahar Team’s operational area included the provinces of Helmand, Kandahar, Uruzgan, and Zabul.
Kandahar FDD-Law/ACLEA training statistics for 2011, until JSSP Transition Training Team (T3) assumed the training responsabilities. In 2013 JSSP transferred the program to the International Development Law Organization:
Despite many challenges, JSSP succeeded in training 3 judges, 8 prosecutors, and 46 CID officers. That training occurred in Kandahar City. JSSP trained some 15% of the legal and justice professionals in the Kandahar region.
1. Security issues
Given the complex and challenging security environment - officials found it difficult to attend classes at the regional training center - the responsibility for training justice officials in Kandahar was transferred to the helicopter-mobile JSSP Transition Training Team (T3) at the end of 2011. T3 was able to travel to several sites in the Kandahar region in cooperation with INL Air and the US and NATO military Rule of Law advisors. JSSP T3 operations were transferred in February 2013 to IDLO.