Juvenile Justice


The Juvenile Rehabilitation Directorate (JRD) functions within the Ministry of Justice (MOJ). It is the main body responsible for regulating affairs related to the Juvenile Rehabilitation Centers (JRCs) throughout the country. Ensuring appropriate treatment of juveniles is a major challenge for the JRD.


JSSP works with the JRD to improve implementation of the Juvenile Code through training and mentoring of juvenile justice professionals. Juvenile court judges, police, prosecutors, Juvenile Rehabilitation Center (JRC) staff, defense attorneys, and social workers have benefitted from these trainings. JSSP also works to improve treatment of juvenile offenders through advocacy and coordination with other governmental and non-governmental organizations.


JSSP has been working to develop a “database office” so that communication between the JRCs and the JRD is maintained, and the JRD has access to information from the JRCs. Moreover, JSSP is planning to coordinate and facilitate the establishment of a technical committee to start drafting a National Strategy for Children in Conflict with Law. In addition, the team provides trainings for employees of the JRD Research and Coordination Department, both in Kabul and the provinces, and conducts mentoring and on the job trainings for the JRD/JRC staff.

JSSP has been extending its engagements by assisting with the implementation of the Juvenile Code, Juvenile Rehabilitation Center Law and international conventions through training and mentoring of juvenile justice professionals including judges, police, prosecutors, JRC staff, defense attorneys, social workers, and the Child Protection Action Network (CPAN) staff. The team plans to facilitate coordination among members of the Administration of Justice for the Juveniles Committee as a part of steering committee to start drafting the Comprehensive Child Act.


    • JSSP’s training, mentoring, and technical assistance for the juvenile court judges, police, prosecutors, and social workers have increased their awareness of their legal obligation to request a Social Inquiry Report (SIR), assess alternatives to detention, and follow international conventions. The JRD staff is now able to effectively research juvenile rights.

    • As a result of JSSP’s coordination, the Case Management System (CMS) Monitoring Board approved the JRD’s access to the CMS database.

    • JSSP includes modules on Alternatives to Detention, SIRs, and the interagency Letter of Agreement (LOA) in its Juvenile Justice Five-Day training curriculum.

A Primer for Practitioners

Tool to practical introduction to rule of law development in Afghanistan, cross-referencing training and educational support material.

Latest Report

Women's Access to Justice in Afghanistan: Since the fall of the Taliban in 2002, gains in women’s rights and access to justice in Afghanistan have been remarkable, yet women’s rights remain extremely limited.